“Four Rivers, Six Ranges”

The Dalai Lama's proclaimed path of ahimsa sets the theme for Tibetan refugees. But for a while, there was Chushi Gangdruk, the Tibetan guerrilla resistance, which operated along Nepal's northern frontier.

The 23 "tribes" of Kham and Amdo provinces met in Lhasa in July 1957 to form the resistance organization called the Chushi Gangdruk ("Four Rivers, Six Ranges"). It was these guerrillas, together with the Mimang Tsongdu (Peoples' Deputies), who made possible the Dalai Lama's escape to India.

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